文章摘要
康 璐, 向 波, 张 婧, 王 东, 杜 康, 童 钦.黑龙江河道演变及工程整治技术的研究Journal of Water Resources and Water Engineering[J].,2022,33(5):138-147
黑龙江河道演变及工程整治技术的研究
River evolution and engineering regulation technology of Heilongjiang River
  
DOI:10.11705/j.issn.1672-643X.2022.05.17
中文关键词: 河道演变  河道整治  河势稳定  暴雨洪水  黑龙江
英文关键词: river course evolution  river regulation  river regime stability  rainstorm flood  Heilongjiang River
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0407301);四川省研究生创新基金项目(YCJJ2021062);四川省交通科技项目(2016B2-2)
Author NameAffiliation
KANG Lu1,3, XIANG Bo2, ZHANG Jing1,3, WANG Dong2, DU Kang1, TONG Qin1 (1.西华大学 流体及动力机械教育部重点实验室 四川 成都 610039 2.四川省公路规划勘察设计研究院有限公司四川 成都 610041 3.西华大学 流体机械及工程四川省重点实验室 四川 成都 610039) 
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中文摘要:
      黑龙江属于国境界河,其河道演变问题不仅是自然科学问题,更事关国土面积的增减,有十分重要的现实意义。通过梳理近30年来黑龙江河道演变及工程整治技术的研究成果,从河道演变、暴雨洪水、河道整治3个方面总结了研究进展,得到如下结论:黑龙江河道演变、水沙运动相关的研究成果稀少且陈旧,尤其缺乏系统性、长序列的河道演变分析;黑龙江防洪抗灾技术经历了“被动”获取、“主动”获取和“超前”获取3个阶段;受限于国界河和高寒地区的双重属性,工程整治使用的防护材料应符合流域特点,工程型式也需尽量简化布置。
英文摘要:
      Heilongjiang River is an important boundary river which marks the border between China and two other countries. Its river course evolution is not only a natural science problem, but also a grave matter of the increase or decrease of China’s land area. By analyzing the research results of river course evolution and engineering regulation technology of Heilongjiang River in recent 30 years, we summarizes the research progress from three aspects, namely, river course evolution, rainstorm flood and river regulation, and draws the following conclusions. Firstly, the relevant research results of river course revolution and sediment movement of Heilongjiang River are rare and dated, which lacks of systematic and long-term analysis in particular; secondly, the flood and disaster prevention technology of Heilongjiang River has experienced three stages, from passive acquisition to active acquisition and then advanced acquisition; thirdly, limited by the geographical location and climatic conditions, the engineering regulation measures should be carried out with suitable protective materials and simplified layout.
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