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焦士兴, 王雅思, 夏 楚, 王安周, 李中轩, 赵荣钦, 林璐霜.黄河流域河南段排污产业集聚与水污染耦合协调研究水资源与水工程学报[J].,2023,34(2):9-16
黄河流域河南段排污产业集聚与水污染耦合协调研究
Industrial agglomeration and water pollution in Henan section of the Yellow River Basin
  
DOI:10.11705/j.issn.1672-643X.2023.02.02
中文关键词:  排污产业集聚  水污染  耦合协调  相对发展度  黄河流域
英文关键词:industrial agglomeration  water pollution  coupling coordination  relative development degree  the Yellow River Basin
基金项目:河南省高等学校重点科研项目(21A170001); 安阳市2020年科技发展计划项目(101); 安阳师范学院大学生创新基金项目(202210479071)
作者单位
焦士兴1, 王雅思1, 夏 楚1, 王安周2, 李中轩3, 赵荣钦4, 林璐霜1 (1.安阳师范学院 资源环境与旅游学院 河南 安阳455002 2.洛阳市第十九中学 河南 洛阳 471000 3.许昌学院 城市与环境学院 河南 许昌461000 4.华北水利水电大学 测绘与地理信息学院河南 郑州 450046) 
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中文摘要:
      为加强黄河流域河南段排污产业集聚对水污染的影响研究,在构建排污产业集聚和水污染系统三级评价指标体系基础上,采用耦合协调发展等模型,综合分析了排污产业集聚、水污染以及二者的耦合协调发展水平和相对发展类型。结果表明:黄河流域河南段8个市排污产业集聚程度差异明显且整体偏低,但年均增长率显著不同;水污染综合评价指数呈波动变化,区域差异明显;黄河流域河南段8个市排污产业集聚与水污染的耦合协调发展在2008、2012、2015和2017年均处于拮抗与磨合并存阶段,2020年则转化为拮抗阶段;相对发展类型由2008年的Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ、V 4种类型向2020年的Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ 3种类型转化。研究结果能较好地反映黄河流域河南段排污产业集聚与水污染的耦合协调关系。基于此,应推进现代化产业结构升级,大力实施区域水污染排放总量控制,坚决关停重污染企业,推动经济高质量发展,逐步实现资源节约型、环境友好型社会目标。
英文摘要:
      Based on the construction of a three-level index evaluation system of industrial agglomeration and water pollution, models such as coupling coordination were adopted to analyze industrial agglomeration, water pollution, and the development level of coupled coordination between these two aspects and types of relative development in order to strengthen the study of the impact of industrial agglomeration on the water pollution in Henan section of the Yellow River Basin. The results show that the degree of industrial agglomeration of the eight cities in the section is significantly differentiated and generally low, but the average annual growth rate is varied greatly. The comprehensive evaluation index of the water pollution is fluctuating with significant regional differences. The coupling coordination development of industrial agglomeration and water pollution is the coexistence of the antagonistic stage and the running in stage in 2018, 2012, 2015 and 2017, and transformed to the antagonistic stage in 2020. In addition, the relative development types transferred from four types (typeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and V) in 2008 to three types (typeⅠ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ) in 2020. The research results can correctly reflect the coupling coordination between the industrial agglomeration and water pollution in Henan section of the Yellow River Basin. For the promotion of high-quality economic development and the achievement of the strategic objectives of “building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society”, it is suggested that the modern industrial structure should be upgraded, the total control of regional water pollution emissions should be implemented, and the enterprises producing heavy pollution should be shut down.
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