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肖 洵, 逄 勇, 刘一童, 钟海涛.闽江航道建设对下游敏感目标溢油风险预测水资源与水工程学报[J].,2019,30(1):104-113
闽江航道建设对下游敏感目标溢油风险预测
Oil spill risk prediction of downstream sensitive targets during Minjiang River channel construction
  
DOI:10.11705/j.issn.1672-643X.2019.01.16
中文关键词:  溢油; 二维非稳态模型; 水动力模型; 溢油预测模型  闽江
英文关键词:oil spill  two-dimensional unsteady model  hydrodynamic model  oil spill prediction model  Minjiang River
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项课题(2018ZX07208-003)
作者单位
肖 洵1, 逄 勇1,2, 刘一童1, 钟海涛1 (1.河海大学 江苏 南京 210098 2.河海大学 浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室江苏 南京 210098) 
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中文摘要:
      溢油事故是不可逆的环境污染事故,会破坏水体水质,危害生态系统,因而溢油事故的危害不容小觑。闽江下游有多个取水口及湿地保护区,闽江航道施工期及运营期均有溢油事故发生的风险,可能会对环境敏感目标造成影响。根据工程区域情况以及工程建设要求,以二维非稳态模型为平台,建立闽江下游水动力模型,基于实测资料进行模型可靠性分析。在准确的水动力模型基础上,以“油粒子”跟踪技术为指导,建立闽江航道溢油风险预测模型,对闽江下游航道建设施工期及运营期最不利条件下的溢油事故风险进行预测研究,可为闽江应急事故处置、溢油损害评价及取水口的安全管理提供支持和帮助。所提出的溢油事故风险预测方法及思路,能够对溢油事故的积极预防提供一定的参考依据。
英文摘要:
      Oil spill is an irreversible environmental pollution accident which will damage the water quality and destroy ecosystem. The risk of oil spill should not be overlooked. Minjiang River downstream has a number of water intakes and wetland protected areas. During Minjiang channel construction period and operation period there are risks of oil spills, which may have an impact on the environmentally sensitive targets. According to the conditions of the project area and the requirements of the project construction, this paper uses the two-dimensional unsteady model as a platform to establish the hydrodynamic model of Minjiang River downstream, then analysize Model reliability based on measured data. Based on the accurate hydrodynamic model, establish the oil spill accident prediction model guided by “oil particle” tracking technology to predict the risk of oil spill accident under the most unfavorable conditions of the construction and operation period of the Minjiang River, which provide support for the MInjiang emergency response, oil spill damage assessment and safety management of water intake. Presenting a set of methods and ideas for risk prediction of oil spill accidents and providing a reference for the active prevention of oil spill accidents.
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