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万洪秀, 薛 滨, 郭 娅, 吴 昊.中国五大淡水湖研究态势:基于WOS的文献计量分析水资源与水工程学报[J].,2018,29(6):8-18
中国五大淡水湖研究态势:基于WOS的文献计量分析
Status and trends of the studies for the five largest freshwater lakes in China:Findings from bibliometric analysis based on Web of Science
  
DOI:10.11705/j.issn.1672-643X.2018.06.02
中文关键词:  文献计量  WOS  定量分析  研究态势  五大淡水湖
英文关键词:bibliometric  web of science(WOS)  quantitative analysis  research trends  the five largest freshwater lakes in China
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41671028)
作者单位
万洪秀1,2, 薛 滨1, 郭 娅1, 吴 昊3,4 (1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室 江苏 南京210008
2.南京大学 国际地球系统科学研究所 江苏 南京 210093
3.信阳师范学院 生命科学学院河南 信阳 464000
4.中国科学院武汉文献情报中心 湖北 武汉 430071) 
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中文摘要:
      中国五大淡水湖与区域国民经济发展关系紧密,在全国淡水湖泊中具有十分重要的地位和作用。基于Web of Science(WOS)中的SCI数据源,运用文献计量学的研究方法,对1989-2017年中国五大淡水湖研究的文献进行分析,从文献发表年代、国际合作研究、研究机构、期刊分布、核心作者、高被引文献、热点关键词等方面,揭示中国五大淡水湖的研究现状与发展态势。结果表明:近30年来,中国五大淡水湖研究态势较好,其中太湖研究的发文量增长最快,2006年就进入成熟期,是五大淡水湖研究中的热点湖泊,总被引频次超过200次的热点文献主要报道太湖研究;五大淡水湖研究文献主要集中在环境科学与生态学以及生物学领域的740种国际期刊上,中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所发文量占23%,在五大淡水湖研究领域占据优势地位且形成了相对集中的研究群;研究发文量在4篇及以上的核心作者共198名,占作者总量的9.11%,国际合作文献占31.9%,显示湖泊研究的开放和国际化程度;五大淡水湖热点研究领域主要在以沉积物、富营养化、水华、磷、氮、重金属等为热点关键词的湖泊环境与生态领域,以微囊藻、蓝藻、血吸虫、叶绿素等为热点关键词的湖泊生物研究领域,以水文水动力、江湖关系等为热点关键词的湖泊-流域相互作用与调控领域以及以遥感作为热点关键词的湖泊水环境遥感领域。
英文摘要:
      The five largest freshwater lakes in China are closely related to the development of regional economy and play an important role in the research of lake science in China. To quantitatively and qualitatively reveal the situation and the development of lake research, this paper takes the bibliometric methods to analyze the literatures of the five largest freshwater lakes in China including the years of publication, International Cooperative Research, research institutions, distribution of periodicals, core authors, highly cited literatures and hot keywords based on the data of SCI in the Web of Science (WOS) during 1989 and 2017. The results show that in the past 30 years, the amount of literatures of the five largest freshwater lakes in China has increased significantly,of which Taihu Lake has the fastest growth in the number of publications. Taihu Lake research has grew into the maturity period in 2006, and becomes a hot lake in the Great Lakes Study. The core authors pay more attention to Taihu Lake and the highly cited literatures with total frequency of induction exceeding 200 times are also concentrated in Taihu Study. The literatures mainly focuses on 740 international journals in the fields of environmental science and ecology and biology. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology CAS accounting for 23% literatures has taken a dominant position and formed a relatively concentrated research group in the research field of five freshwater lakes. A total of 198 core authors with literatures above 4 account for 9.11% of the total number of authors. International cooperation documents account for 31.9% which shows the degree of international cooperation. The hot research areas are mainly in the fields of environment and ecology of lakes with sediments, eutrophication, algal blooms, phosphorus, nitrogen and heavy metals et al as the key words; lake biology with microcystis, cyanobacteria and schistosoma et al as key words; lake-basin interaction and management with the key words of hydrology/hydrodynamics; remote sensing of lake environments with the key words of RS.
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